PLEASE UNDERSTAND, OUR RESPONSIBILITY DOES NOT END WHEN YOU LEAVE HERE WITH YOUR PUPPY. OUR PHONE NUMBERS AND EMAIL ADDRESSES ARE ON OUR WEBSITE AND BUSINESS CARDS FOR A PURPOSE! CALL US OR EMAIL ANYTIME YOU ARE EXPERIENCING ANY DIFFICULTY WITH YOUR PUPPY. WE HAVE RESOURCES THAT WE CAN BRING TO BEAR TO HELP YOU. YOUR CONCERN OR QUESTION IS OUR CONCERN OR QUESTION. WHEN YOU ARE GETTING READY TO GO HOME WITH YOUR NEW LITTLE ONE, THE SHEER EXCITEMENT OF BRINGING YOUR LITTLE ONE HOME IS VERY OVERWHELMING. ALTHOUGH WE HAVE SPENT TIME WITH YOU GOING OVER CERTAIN THINGS YOU SHOULD AND SHOULD NOT DO, MOST OF IT WILL NOT BE HEARD. GO THROUGH YOUR FOLDER, THERE IS A WEALTH OF INFORMATION THERE, IF YOU CAN'T FIND YOUR ANSWER, PICK UP THE PHONE AND CALL US, OR EMAIL US. WE ARE HERE FOR YOU. OUR COMMITTMENT TO YOUR FAMILY AND YOUR PUPPY DOES NOT END WHEN YOU LEAVE, IT CONTINUES AS LONG AS YOU WANT TO COMMUNICATE WITH US. DON'T LEAVE AN UNASKED QUESTION OR CONCERN BE LEFT UNSOLVED OR UNANSWERED.
Cavalier Temperament and Personality
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is small, loving and playful. The typical Cavalier is always happy, trusting and easygoing, a friend to everyone he meets. True to their heritage as “comforter dogs,” Cavaliers love to be in a lap.
Cavalier temperament ranges from sweet and placid to hard-charging and even stubborn. The sweet, placid Cavaliers sometimes have a reputation for being dumb, and the stubborn ones for being untrainable, but in general, these dogs are smart and learn quickly. They respond well to positive reinforcement techniques, especially when food rewards are offered, but harsh words will cause them to stop trying or even to hide. A Cavalier should usually never be shy or aggressive to people or other dogs.
A few things to know about Cavaliers: they love to lick, they love to chase moving objects (especially feathered ones) and they can be manipulative when they want food (those eyes!). It’s difficult or impossible to curb these behaviors so you need to find a way to work around them, such as always keeping the dog on leash in areas with traffic and hardening your heart when your Cavalier wants to share your French fries.
The Cavalier is not perfect. Any dog, no matter how nice, can develop obnoxious levels of barking, digging and other undesirable behaviors if he is bored, untrained or unsupervised.
Start training your puppy the day you bring him home. Even at eight weeks old, he is capable of soaking up everything you can teach him. Don’t wait until he is 6 months old to begin training or you will have a more headstrong dog to deal with. If possible, get him into puppy kindergarten class by the time he is 10 to 12 weeks old, and socialize, socialize, socialize. However, be aware that many puppy training classes require certain vaccines (like kennel cough) to be up to date, and many veterinarians recommend limited exposure to other dogs and public places until puppy vaccines (including rabies, distemper and parvovirus) have been completed. In lieu of formal training, you can begin training your puppy at home and socializing him among family and friends until puppy vaccines are completed.
NUTRITION.....CLICK ON PICS FOR LARGER IMAGES
FEEDING SCHEDULE GUIDELINES
FEED 1/3 TO 1/4 CUP ROYAL CANIN PUPPY KIBBLE 3 TIMES A DAY UNTIL THE PUPPY IS 4 MONTHS OF AGE. THEN CHANGE TO 2/3 CUP ROYAL CANIN PUPPY KIBBLE TWO TIMES A DAY UNTIL PUPPY IS ONE YEAR OLD. AT ONE YEAR, CHANGE TO FROMM GOLD ADULT KIBBLE, 1/2 CUP TWICE DAILY.
FEEDING TIME SCHEDULE TIME GUIDELINES
TEN WKS TO FOUR MONTH OLD PUPPIES FEED BETWEEN 8:00 a.m. and 9:30 a.m. FEED BETWEEN 12:00 p.m. and 1:00 p.m. FEED BETWEEN 5:00 p.m. and 7:00 p.m.
POTTY SCHEDULE GUIDELINES FOR PUPPIES FOUR MONTHS AND YOUNGER
TAKE OUT FIRST THING IN THE MORNING. FEED YOUR PUPPY. WAIT TEN OR FIFTEEN MINUTES. TAKE BACK OUT FOR POTTY. FEED LUNCH. WAIT TEN OR FIFTEEN MINUTES. TAKE OUT FOR POTTY. FEED DINNER. WAIT TEN OR FIFTEEN MINUTES. TAKE OUT FOR POTTY. LAST TIME OUT FOR POTTY BEFORE BEDTIME. ALSO YOUNG PUPPIES NEED TO GO OUT AFTER PLAY TIME AND AFTER TAKING A NAP.
Standard Cavalier height is between 12 and 13 inches tall and the breed's average weight varies between 10 and 18 pounds. Generally female cavalier puppies stop growing in physical size and height at around 18 months and male puppies can take up to around two years.
Hypoglycemia Requires Quick Intervention in Toy Breeds
As a quality breeder, my priority is the health of the dogs I breed. Part of that responsibilty includes doing everything I can to insure their wellbeing after they go to their new home. While all quality dog foods will provide everything needed to sustain life, virtually all of them are cooked during the manufacturing process. The heat from the cooking causes much of the nutrients to be lost during the process. NuVet Plus cold processsed allowing all the benefits of its rich nutrients to be retained, giving your new puppy an extra layer of protection, espcially during the most critical first year of life. Additionally, when puppies nurse, they rely on their mother's colostrum (highly nutritious milk produced right after birth) for the anitbodies they need to fight infection. However, the maternal antibodies' effectiveness declines as the puppy's immune system begins to mature. By 8 weeks, your puppy's immune system is at a vulnerable point and will soon be challenged on multiple fronts. When a puppy is moved away from its mother and siblings to live with its new family, the immune system is weaken by the stress of adoption and exposure to bacteria and viruses in its new home. These pathogens for which the puppy's body has not yet developed antibodies, and it is widely recognized that the immune system is less effective in times of stress. So giving NuVet Plus is important to helping your puppy grow into a healthy adult. The vaccine series is also started during this time period. Vaccines are only efffective if the immune system can respond properly. If the immune system is distracted by combating an actual disease processor and it does not receive the nutrients required to keep it strong during times of stress, the health of the puppy is at risk. The best way to prevent illness during this critical time is to provide the nutritional support required for proper immune system function. NuVet Plus is a synergistic combination of antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals know to boost immune system function. All of NuVet Labs' ingredients are sourced in the United States, manufactured in a human-grade U.S. FDA registered pharmacetical laboratory, and cold processed to maximie the potency of the nutrients. NuVet Labs has been in business since 1997 and has never had a product recall. By including NuVet Plus into your puppy's daily diet, you can be confident that you are providing the nutrients required for optimal immune system support performance.
FOODS DOGS MUST AVOID:
* Chocolate which can cause seizures in dogs. * Coffee and tea can cause similar problems as chocolate. * Raisins and grapes can cause kidney failure. * Nutmeg can also cause seizures. * Raw eggs could contain salmonella, so they are not worth the risk. * Onions are not advised as they can interfere with blood circulation. * Macadamia nuts can cause dogs to have tremors and lead to paralysis. * Other foods cautions include moldy foods, yeast dough and fruit pits. Many fruit pits contain cyanide. * Xyitol - Found in sugarless gum and candy. Sympotoms mimic hyploglycemia. Deadly. * Coca Mulch for gardens - Highly toxic and lethal to dogs.
Amaryllis, Autumn Crocus, Daffodil, Day Lily, Elephant Ears, Gladiolas, Hyacinth, Iris,
Lily of the Valley, Narcissus, Orange Day Lily, Tulip
Asparagus Fern, Australian Nut, Emerald Feather (aka Emerald Fern), Emerald Fern
(aka Emerald Feather), Lace Fern, Plumosa Fern
Cyclamen, Hydrangea, Kalanchoe, Poinsettia
Charming Dieffenbachia, Christmas Rose, Flamingo Plant, Foxglove, Marijuana, Morning Glory,
Nightshade, Onion, Tomato Plant, Tropic Snow Dumbcane
Ceriman (aka Cutleaf Philodendron), Chinese Evergreen, Cordatum, Corn Plant (aka Cornstalk Plant),
Cutleaf Philodendron (aka Ceriman), Devil's Ivy, Dumb Cane, Golden Pothos, Green Gold Nephthysis,
Marble Queen, Mauna Loa Peace Lily, Nephthytis, Peace Lily, Red-Margined Dracaena,
Striped Dracaena, Taro Vine, Warneckei Dracaena
Asian Lily (liliaceae), Easter Lily, Glory Lily, Japanese Show Lily, Red Lily, Rubrum Lily,
Stargazer Lily, Tiger Lily, Wood Lily
Pittosporaceae: Genus: Pittosporum
- All parts are poisonous if ingested. Rubbing up against plant may cause skin irritation or allergic reactions
Cycads, Heavenly Bamboo, Holly, Jerusalem Cherry, Mistletoe "American", Oleander, Precatory Bean, Rhododendron, Saddle Leaf Philodendron, Sago Palm, Tree Philodendron, Yucca
Aloe (Aloe Vera)
Avocado, Buddist Pine, Chinaberry Tree, Japanese Yew (aka Yew), Lacy Tree, Macadamia Nut,
Madagascar Dragon Tree, Queensland Nut, Schefflera, Yew (aka Japanese Yew)
Branching Ivy, English Ivy, European Bittersweet, Glacier Ivy, Hahn's self branching English Ivy, Needlepoint Ivy
Miscellaneous / Uncategorized
American Bittersweet, Andromeda Japonica, Azalea, Bird of Paradise, Buckeye, Caladium
Hortulanum, Calla Lily, Castor Bean, Clematis, Fiddle-Leaf Philodendron, Florida Beauty, Fruit Salad Plant,
Golden Dieffenbachia, Gold Dust Dracaena, Heartleaf Philodendron, Horsehead Philodendron, Hurricane
Plant, Mexican Breadfruit, Mother-in-law, Panda, Philodendron Pertusum, Red Emerald, Red Princess,
Ribbon Plant, Satin Pothos, Spotted Dumb Cane, Sweetheart Ivy, Swiss Cheese Plant,
Variable Dieffenbachia, Variegated Philodendron, Yesterday/Today/Tomorrow
If you mulch your garden to be water wise, then do be aware that cocoa mulch is toxic, it contains
an ingredient that smells like chocolate and is very attractive to them called Theobromine.
THE BEST (AND WORST) TOYS FOR YOUR TEETHING PUPPY
Puppies explore the world through their mouths, so they’ll chew anything they can sink their teeth into (that goes for your shoes, furniture, and more). By providing them with items they are allowed to indulge their chewing instinct on, they’ll be more likely to spare your expensive stilettos.
BEST PUPPY TEETHING TOYS:
A Kong or another hard rubber toy, especially one that’s fillable. The beauty of these types of toys is that they are nearly impossible to destroy. Also, a fillable toy like a Kong gives you the ability to add water and freeze it, adding a cooling element to soothe those sore gums.
hard nylon toy. Again, these types of toys are practically indestructible. Just make sure that you select the appropriate size for your pet (especially if you have a large-breed dog) so that he doesn’t accidentally swallow it, causing a blockage.
A thick rope toy. With toys like this, quality is key. Make sure your puppy isn’t able to pull off any little fibers of the toy—if he swallows them, it can cause an intestinal blockage that can make him very sick. Also, these types of toys can be tempting to play tug-of-war with—don’t do this until your puppy is full-grown. It can affect his teeth as they grow in. A tip: Soak the toy in water and then put it in the freezer for a few hours or overnight. As mentioned above, it will have a cooling effect on the sore gums.
WORST PUPPY TEETHING TOYS:
- Items with small or sharp metal parts such as pins, springs, or batteries.
- Long strips or fibers, such as strings or thin ribbon. Nylon hose can be dangerous if swallowed.
- Cooked real bones of any kind. Cooked bones break into tiny, highly abrasive fragments that damage the digestive tract over time.
- Sheets of plastic film (e.g., garbage bags) can cause choking.
- Chewies made of large pieces or knots of rawhide. Swallowed pieces of these often cause intestinal obstructions.
- Thin, squeaky-type rubber pet toys. Dogs who are vigorous chewers can swallow these toys whole, swallow large pieces of them, or swallow the metal squeakers inside.
- Soft toys with foam stuffing.
- Anything of yours (or something that looks like your stuff). A puppy doesn’t understand that he’s allowed to chew the old toy you gave him and not your fancy new Manolo Blahniks.
No matter what toy you select for your puppy, it’s important to monitor him while he’s playing and to pick up the toys and check them from time to time to make sure your puppy hasn’t bitten off any chunks or that no fibers are coming loose from the toy.
Caring for Your Puppy's Teeth
Taking care of your puppy's teeth is a lot like taking care of your own.
Start your puppy off right with a good dog dental health routine, and it'll be easier to help him maintain a healthy mouth throughout his life.
By age three, about eight out of ten dogs will show signs of dental disease, according to statistics. What’s more, dental disease can impact your pet’s overall health.
Preventive care can be a fraction of the cost of dental disease treatment.
Dog Dental Care Tips
Good preventive care begins with attention to these basics:
- Oral Care Food: Feeding your puppy a firm, kibbled, premium pet food daily is an easy way to help slow down plaque formation through a mechanical, abrasive action. Certain premium foods have been specially designed to help keep teeth clean.
- Dental Treats & Chews: These daily, tasty treats work between the tooth and gum line to reduce plaque and freshen breath. Chews and chew toys are another fun and easy way to prevent tartar because they encourage chewing and aid puppy teething.
- Brushing Your Pet’s Teeth: One of the best ways to prevent tartar is to brush your puppy's teeth weekly. Before you introduce a toothbrush, approach your pet when he’s calm and relaxed. Massage gums and teeth with fingers to get him used to handling of the mouth. Your veterinarian can give you additional tips for brushing techniques.
- Exams & Cleanings: Your puppy needs annual dental exams and professional cleanings just like you do. The frequency of cleanings depends on each dog's individual needs, so be sure to consult your veterinarian at least once every six months. But if you notice bad breath or other signs of dental disease, call for an appointment with your veterinarian immediately.
Your Puppy's Teeth
Puppies lose baby teeth just like people do. Puppies have 28 temporary teeth that erupt at three to four weeks of age. They lose these puppy teeth at about four months when their 42 permanent teeth begin to emerge.
SEE WEBSITE PAGE "GROOMING A CAVALIER " FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT DENTAL AND BATHING.
Consider Pet Health Insurance
Pet health insurance is a growing norm among pet owners- and it’s one that can potentially save you from financial ruin and provide a comforting peace of mind. Before committing to a specific policy, be sure to do your research and make sure the one you select covers the anticipated needs of your dog. Research common health problems for your dog’s breed. Try to find a policy that will cover those conditions and understand anything pre-existing cannot be covered. Additionally, be sure you pay attention to deductibles and caps. A good pet insurance policy will protect you in the long run, as long as it fits the needs of your puppy and budget. You can’t anticipate everything that your puppy will get into, but you can bet that at some point an emergency vet visit may be necessary— that’s when pet health insurance will come in handy.
WARNING!!! DO NOT GIVE THE LEPTOSPIROSIS VACCINE TO YOUR CAVALIER UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES. IT IS DANGEROUS. IT CAN CAUSE SEIZURES. IT CAN CAUSE INCREDIBLE PAIN. IT CAN KILL YOUR CAVALIER. PLEASE HEED THIS WARNING!!! DO NOT GIVE THE LEPTOSPIROSIS VACCINE TO YOUR CAVALIER!!! LOOK UP THE LEPTOSPIROSIS VACCINE, ALSO KNOW AS LD4, SEE SOME OF THE VIDEOS AND READ ABOUT THE RESULTS OF GIVING A DOG THE LEPTO VACCINE. CALL US IF YOU HAVE QUESTIONS, PLEASE. TOO MANY DOGS OF ALL TYPES HAVE SUFFERED SEVERE SIDE EFFECTS FROM THE VACCINE. INTENSE PAIN, VOCALIZATION OF PAIN, SIEZURES, AND SADLY, IN SOME CASES DEATH. DO NOT GIVE THIS VACCINE. BE AWARE, THE 'L' IN THE DHLPP COMBINATION BOOSTER, STANDS FOR LEPTO VACCINE, OPT FOR THE VACCINE WITH THE 'L'.
Which Vaccinations Do Puppies Need?
When you bring that soft, sweet-smelling little ball of a puppy into your home you know right away that she is depending on you for, well, everything. It’s up to you to give her all the care she needs every day. It can be a little intimidating—she needs nutritious food, plenty of attention, gentle training, safe toys, socialization, a comfortable home, and proper veterinary care. And that includes puppy vaccinations throughout her first year.
Going to the vet repeatedly over several months for vaccinations, and then for boosters or titers throughout your dog’s life, may seem like an inconvenience, but the diseases that vaccinations will shield our pets from are dangerous, potentially deadly, and, thankfully, largely preventable.
We read about so many different vaccinations, for so many different illnesses, that it can sometimes be confusing to know which vaccinations puppies need and which ones are important but optional. Here is an overview of the diseases that vaccinations will help your pet to avoid.
This highly communicable bacterium causes severe fits of coughing, whooping, vomiting, and, in rare cases, seizures and death. It is the primary cause of kennel cough. There are injectable and nasal spray vaccines available.
A serious and contagious disease caused by a virus that attacks the respiratory, gastrointestinal (GI), and nervous systems of dogs, raccoons, skunks, and other animals, distemper spreads through airborne exposure (through sneezing or coughing) from an infected animal. The virus can also be transmitted by shared food and water bowls and equipment. It causes discharges from the eyes and nose, fever, coughing, vomiting, diarrhea, seizures, twitching, paralysis, and, often, death. This disease used to be known as "hardpad" because it causes the footpad to thicken and harden.
There is no cure for distemper. Treatment consists of supportive care and efforts to prevent secondary infections, control symptoms of vomiting, seizures and more. If the animal survives the symptoms it is hoped that the dog's immune system will have a chance to fight it off. Infected dogs can shed the virus for months.
Infectious canine hepatitis is a highly contagious viral infection that affects the liver, kidneys, spleen, lungs, and the eyes of the affected dog. This disease of the liver is caused by a virus that is unrelated to the human form of hepatitis. Symptoms range from a slight fever and congestion of the mucous membranes to vomiting, jaundice, stomach enlargement, and pain around the liver. Many dogs can overcome the mild form of the disease, but the severe form can kill. There is no cure, but doctors can treat the symptoms.
One of several viruses that can contribute to kennel cough (see above).
This is a virus that usually affects dogs’ gastrointestinal systems, though it can also cause respiratory infections. Signs include most GI symptoms, including loss of appetite, vomiting, and diarrhea. Doctors can keep a dog hydrated, warm, and comfortable, and help alleviate nausea, but there is no drug that kills coronaviruses.
When your puppy is around 12-to-16 weeks, talk to your vet about starting her on a heartworm preventative. Though there is no vaccine for this condition, it is preventable with regular medication. The name is descriptive—these worms lodge in the right side of the heart and the pulmonary arteries (that send blood to the lungs), though they can travel through the rest of the body and sometimes invade the liver and kidneys. The worms can grow to 14 inches long (ick!) and, if clumped together, block and injure organs. A new infection often causes no symptoms, though dogs in later stages of the disease may cough, become lethargic, lose their appetite or have difficulty breathing. Infected dogs may tire after mild exercise. Unlike most of the diseases listed here, which are passed by urine, feces, and other body fluids, heartworms are transmitted by mosquitoes. Therefore, diagnosis is made via a blood test and not a fecal exam. The FDA has more information about heartworm.
Also known as infectious tracheobronchitis, kennel cough results from inflammation of the upper airways. It can be caused by bacterial, viral, or other infections, such as Bordetella and canine parainfluenza, and often involves multiple infections simultaneously. Usually, the disease is mild, causing bouts of harsh, dry coughing; sometimes it’s severe enough to spur retching and gagging, along with a loss of appetite. In rare cases it can be deadly. It is easily spread between dogs kept close together, which is why it passes quickly through kennels. Antibiotics are usually not necessary, except in severe, chronic cases. Cough suppressants can make a dog more comfortable.
Unlike most diseases on this list, Leptospirosis is caused by bacteria, and some dogs may show no symptoms at all. Leptospirosis can be found worldwide in soil and water. It is a zoonotic disease, meaning that it can be spread from animals to people. When symptoms do appear, they can include fever, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, loss of appetite, severe weakness and lethargy, stiffness, jaundice, muscle pain, infertility, kidney failure (with or without liver failure). Antibiotics are effective, and the sooner they are given, the better.
Unlike the famous “bull’s-eye” rash that people exposed to Lyme disease often spot, no such telltale symptom occurs in dogs. Lyme disease (or borreliosis) is an infectious, tick-borne disease caused by a type of bacteria called a spirochete. Transmitted via ticks, an infected dog often starts limping, his lymph nodes swell, his temperature rises, and he stops eating. The disease can affect his heart, kidney, and joints, among other things, or lead to neurological disorders if left untreated. If diagnosed quickly, a course of antibiotics is extremely helpful, though relapses can occur months or even years later.
Parvo is a highly contagious virus that affects all dogs, but unvaccinated dogs and puppies less than four months of age are at the most risk to contract it. The virus attacks the gastrointestinal system and creates the loss of appetite, vomiting, fever, and often severe, bloody diarrhea. Extreme dehydration can come on rapidly and kill a dog within 48-to-72 hours, so prompt veterinary attention is crucial. There is no cure, so keeping the dog hydrated and controlling the secondary symptoms can keep him going until his immune system beats the illness.
Rabies is a viral disease of mammals that invades the central nervous system, causing headache, anxiety, hallucinations, excessive drooling, fear of water, paralysis, and death. It is most often transmitted through the bite of a rabid animal. Treatment within hours of infection is essential, otherwise, death is highly likely. Most states require rabies vaccination. Check with your vet about rabies vaccination laws in your area.
Of course, your veterinarian should weigh in and can always provide more information and guidance if needed on necessary and optional vaccinations.
Not All Veterinarians are Created Equal
Veterinarians, like doctors, should be a good fit for both doctor and (four-legged) patient. If your puppy is scared of your veterinarian before his first shot, you might consider trying a different vet for your puppy. Before choosing a veterinarian, it is always a good idea to check reviews and references of the hospital, be sure to verify that the veterinarian can meet the needs of your dog. Additionally, you should make sure that the vet you choose provides all the services you want from them or can provide a reference for things like rehabilitative care, nail trims or dental services, and alternative care. It’s important to know what your vet will provide.
Puppy Vaccination Schedule
The first thing to know is that there is not just one puppy vaccination schedule for all dogs. Factors such as which part of the country you live in and your dog’s individual risk factors will come into play. Some dogs do not need every vaccine. This decision is between you and your veterinarian. Always discuss puppy vaccinations at your regularly scheduled appointments.
That said, here is a generally accepted guideline of the puppy vaccination schedule for the first year.
|Puppy's Age||Recommended Vaccinations||Optional Vaccinations|
|6 - 8 weeks||Distemper, measles, parainfluenza||Bordetella|
|10 - 12 weeks||DHPP (vaccines for distemper, adenovirus [hepatitis], parainfluenza, and parvovirus)||Coronavirus, Leptospirosis, Bordetella, Lyme disease|
|12 - 24 weeks||Rabies||none|
|14 - 16 weeks||DHPP||Coronavirus, Lyme disease, Leptospirosis|
|12 - 16 months||Rabies, DHPP||Coronavirus, Leptotspirosis, Bordetella, Lyme disease|
|Every 1 - 2 years||DHPP||Coronavirus, Leptotspirosis, Bordetella, Lyme disease|
|Every 1 - 3 years||Rabies (as required by law)||
How much vaccinations for your puppy will cost depends on several factors. Where you live is one: Veterinarians in populous and expensive urban areas will charge more than a rural vet in a small town. In other words, there are significant differences in price. But no matter what the range in costs, some vaccines, such as the “core vaccines,” and for rabies, are necessary.
Vet Info has a helpful guideline for the approximate cost of puppy vaccinations for her first year.
- The average cost will be around $75–100. These will include the core vaccines, which are administered in a series of three: at 6-, 12-, and 16 weeks old.
- The core vaccines include the DHLPP (distemper, hepatitis, leptospirosis, parvo, and parainfluenza). Your pup will also need a rabies vaccinations, which is usually around $15–20. (Some clinics include the cost of the rabies vaccination.)
- Often animal shelters charge less for vaccines—around $20—or are even free. If you acquired your dog from a shelter, he will most likely have been vaccinated, up until the age when you got him.
The initial puppy vaccination costs during the first year are higher than during adulthood.
Vaccinations After Puppyhood: Boosters and Titers
There is a difference of opinion about having your adult dog vaccinated every year. Some vets believe too many vaccinations in adult dogs pose health risks. But others disagree, saying that yearly vaccinations will prevent dangerous diseases such as distemper.
Many dog owners opt for titer tests before they administer annual vaccinations. Titer tests measure a dog’s immunity levels, and this can determine which, if any, vaccinations are necessary. Please note that a titer test is not an option when it comes to the rabies vaccine. These are required by law (see above). Your vet can tell you the schedule for your particular state.
And it’s all worth it. For your effort and care your puppy will lavish you with lifelong love in return. This important first year of her life is a fun and exciting time for both of you. As she grows physically, the wonderful bond between you will grow, too.
The Dilemma of Socialization and Immunity : Puppy socialization is the process of learning how to comfortably participate in human society. The socialization period is when puppies are most accepting of new experiences. It occurs between 3 and 12 weeks of age. During this period we need to expose the puppy to other dogs, people, sights, smells, sounds, etc., in a way that is comfortable for the puppy. This is how a puppy learns to properly respond to the stresses life will throw at him or her. A great way to help socialize a puppy is through puppy classes. Without adequate socialization, dogs can grow up with behavior problems such as fearfulness or aggression. Whether participating in obedience or agility or a walk around the block, socialization is essential to creating a confident and well-rounded dog. Puppyhood is a time when every aspect of the dog is developing, including the immune system. Antibodies are a part of the immune system that protect against disease. Immediately after birth, puppies receive antibodies in the milk from their mothers. But these maternal antibodies gradually degrade and are gone by about 10 weeks of age. For a more durable resistance to disease, we need the puppy’s immune system to generate its own antibodies. That is the purpose of a vaccine. Vaccines stimulate the puppy’s immune system to create antibodies that typically will last for years. While maternal antibodies initially protect the puppy from disease, they also prevent the vaccines from having their full effect. So to minimize gaps in protection, we need to continue vaccinating the puppy while the maternal antibodies fade away. That is why veterinarians vaccinate puppies multiple times until he or she is at least 14 weeks of age. The socialization period occurs while the immune system is still developing. The dilemma we face is that if we wait until the puppy has full immunity from disease, we will miss the socialization period. Veterinary behaviorists agree that the necessity of socialization greatly outweighs the small risk of disease. Implemented common-sense measures that facilitate socialization while keeping the risk of infection very low. Just as you would with a toddler, please keep your puppy home if he or she is coughing or has diarrhea. Please talk with your veterinarian to develop a plan that is appropriate for you and your puppy.
Puppy Housebreaking Tips
Tip #1: Get a Crate
Tip #2: Honor the 15-Minute Rule
Tip #3: Reward a Job Well Done
Tip #4: Accidents Happen
Tip #5: Introduce Space Gradually
Tip #6: Get Out of Bed
Tip #7: Don't Rely on Puppy Pads and Newspaper
CRATE TRAINING YOUR CAVALIER
5 Common Human Medications That are Dangerous to Pets
3. Benzodiazepines and Sleep Aids
4. Cholesterol Drugs
AT WHAT AGE SHOULD I SPAY OR NEUTER MY DOG? WE RECOMMEND A PUPPY SHOULD BE NO YOUNGER THAN AGE TWENTY TO TWENTY-TWO WEEKS.
Walks Take Practice
Puppies are not born knowing how to walk on a leash. In fact, puppies are not born wearing a collar, either, and these things take practice to get used to. Puppy collars need to be snug enough to prevent accidental injury but loose enough to allow for easy breathing, and walks on the least take practice. Most puppies are content to sit on the sidewalk or in the grass while their owner gently tugs on the leash to move them along. Patience and consistency are necessary for many aspects of puppy parenthood- even the simple act of learning to walk on the leash.
Always walk the Cavalier on a leash. When he sees a bird or other potential prey, everything else goes out of his head. All too often Cavaliers are hit by cars and killed when they chase a bird or ball -- right into the street.
It should go without saying that the Cavalier is not meant to live outdoors. He’s a family dog who needs to be with his people and protected from excessive heat and cold.
Why I Don’t Recommend Retractable Leashes
- First of all, “leash” is probably not a good word to describe the thin cord used in many retractable devices. Secondly, the real purpose of using a leash to walk a dog is to keep the animal safe and under the owner’s control. Retractable leashes often do the opposite.
- There are many reasons to avoid or reconsider use of a retractable leash, starting with the fact that on this type of leash, your dog can get far enough away from you to either get into trouble or into harm’s way.
- Retractable leashes are also responsible for many injuries to both dogs and dog walkers – from superficial burns and cuts to horrific amputations.
- In most cases, these devices are also wholly counterproductive to training a dog to walk politely on lead. The very nature of retractables trains dogs to pull on the leash to extend the lead. Needless to say, this pulling behavior will be repeated whenever the dog is on a standard leash
A retractable leash is not so much a leash as it is a length of thin cord wound around a spring-loaded device housed inside a plastic handle. The handles of most retractable leashes are designed to fit comfortably in a human hand. A button on the handle controls how much of the cord is extended.
Retractable leashes are popular primarily because they aren't as confining as regular leashes, allowing dogs more freedom to sniff and poke around on walks. But unfortunately, there are many downsides to this type of leash.
10 Reasons Not to Use a Retractable Leash
1.The length of retractable leashes, some of which can extend up to 26 feet, allows dogs to get far enough away from their humans that a situation can quickly turn dangerous. A dog on a retractable leash is often able to run into the middle of the street, for example, or make uninvited contact with other dogs or people.
2.In the above scenario, or one in which your pet is being approached by an aggressive dog, it is nearly impossible to get control of the situation if the need arises. It's much easier to regain control of – or protect -- a dog at the end of a six-foot standard flat leash than it is if he's 20 or so feet away at the end of what amounts to a thin string.
3.The thin cord of a retractable leash can break – especially when a powerful dog is on the other end of it. If a strong, good-sized dog takes off at full speed, the cord can snap. Not only can that put the dog and whatever he may be chasing in danger, but also the cord can snap back and injure the human at the other end.
4.If a dog walker gets tangled up in the cord of a retractable leash, or grabs it in an attempt to reel in their dog, it can result in burns, cuts, and even amputation. In addition, many people have been pulled right off their feet by a dog that reaches the end of the leash and keeps going. This can result in bruises, "road rash," broken bones, and worse.
5.Dogs have also received terrible injuries as a result of the sudden jerk on their neck that occurs when they run out the leash, including neck wounds, lacerated tracheas, and injuries to the spine.
6.Retractable leashes allow dogs more freedom to pull at the end of them, which can look like aggression to another dog who may decide to "fight back."
7.The handles of retractable leashes are bulky and can be easily pulled out of human hands, resulting in a runaway dog.
8.Along those same lines, many dogs – especially fearful ones – are terrorized by the sound of a dropped retractable leash handle and may take off running, which is dangerous enough. To make matters worse, the object of the poor dog's fear is then "chasing" her, and if the leash is retracting as she runs, the handle is gaining ground on her – she can't escape it. Even if this scenario ultimately ends without physical harm to the dog (or anyone else), it can create lingering fear in the dog not only of leashes, but also of being walked.
9.Retractable leashes, like most retractable devices, have a tendency to malfunction over time, either refusing to extend, refusing to retract, or unspooling at will.
10.Retractable leashes are an especially bad idea for dogs that haven't been trained to walk politely on a regular leash. By their very nature, retractables train dogs to pull while on leash, because they learn that pulling extends the lead.
If your dog is well trained, gentle mannered and smart enough to master a regular leash and a retractable leash without being confused, you could be one of the rare guardians that can walk your pooch on any kind of leash without increasing risks to either one of you.
JUMPING UP FOR JOY
It's perfectly natural for your puppy to jump up in excitement and put his paws up on you as he greets you (and other people). After all, he is happy to see you! But although this is cute when he does it now, it might not be so cute when he's grown up. Two things can help ensure that as an adult he won't make a habit of "saying hello" with muddy paws. * Be sure not to encourage your puppy to put his paws up on you. *Teach your puppy to greet people calmly right from the start. Rather than punishing him, teach to sit whenever you come in the door or when a friend approaches him. Give him praise or a treat everytime he sits, and simply ignore him when he jumps--this way, he'll figure out pretty quickly which behavior is more rewarding. He's soon be sitting every time he sees you coming.
A FINAL WORD Training your puppy and raising him to be the well behaved, happy companion you've hoped for involves a serious commitment of your time,effort, and attention. Just like raising a child, there may be ups and downs, but sharing your life with this loving (and loved) family menber is all worth it. If you have questions regarding your puppy's health/behavior don't hesitate to call or email. Most of all, enjoy your new puppy! Spend time with him and give him your best, and he will reward you with years of devoted companionship.
Please don't forget Your Breeder
I know from day one not every puppy could stay - preparing them for life took many hours each day.
I love every minute watching them develop and thrive - helping them discover the world fills me with pride.
The weeks are numbered - never enough time- I worry even though I know the puppies will be fine.
Now I trust you with this puppy and hope you understand, I handpicked you and expect you to follow the plan.
Continue to provide new experiences each day - never stop training - and always play.
I will never forget my puppies and will always have special place in our hearts - please provide them the best for the rest of their years.
No matter how long ago your baby was here - not staying in touch is my biggest fear.