"CSJ", THE CHARLES STREET JOURNAL ~ NEWS AND INFORMATION
WARNING!!! DO NOT GIVE THE LEPTOSPIROSIS VACCINE TO YOUR CAVALIER UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES. IT IS DANGEROUS. IT CAN CAUSE SEIZURES. IT CAN CAUSE INCREDIBLE PAIN. IT CAN KILL YOUR CAVALIER. PLEASE HEED THIS WARNING!!! DO NOT GIVE THE LEPTOSPIROSIS VACCINE TO YOUR CAVALIER!!! LOOK UP THE LEPTOSPIROSIS VACCINE, ALSO KNOW AS LD4, SEE SOME OF THE VIDEOS AND READ ABOUT THE RESULTS OF GIVING A DOG THE LEPTO VACCINE. CALL US IF YOU HAVE QUESTIONS, PLEASE. TOO MANY DOGS OF ALL TYPES HAVE SUFFERED SEVERE SIDE EFFECTS FROM THE VACCINE. INTENSE PAIN, VOCALIZATION OF PAIN, SIEZURES, AND SADLY, IN SOME CASES DEATH. DO NOT GIVE THIS VACCINE. BE AWARE, THE 'L' IN THE DHLPP COMBINATION BOOSTER, STANDS FOR LEPTO VACCINE, OPT FOR THE VACCINE WITH THE 'L'.
Not All Veterinarians are Created Equal
Veterinarians, like doctors, should be a good fit for both doctor and (four-legged) patient. If your puppy is scared of your veterinarian before his first shot, you might consider trying a different vet for your puppy. Before choosing a veterinarian, it is always a good idea to check reviews and references of the hospital, be sure to verify that the veterinarian can meet the needs of your dog. Additionally, you should make sure that the vet you choose provides all the services you want from them or can provide a reference for things like rehabilitative care, nail trims or dental services, and alternative care. It’s important to know what your vet will provide.
This Is Why Dogs Smile
According to the experts at the ASPCA, a dog’s smile can be characterized as a display of the front teeth, normally paired with a lowered head, wagging tail, flattened ears, a “soft body posture,” or squinty eyes.
While a dog’s smile could indicate that they feel happy around you, according to the experts, in most cases, it actually means that they are showing their submission to you. In fact, according to doghealth.com, a dog’s smile is merely a gesture of appeasement or nervousness as they attempt to tell you that they like you enough to give you full control over their well-being. In other words, they are indicating, through that smile, that they will not challenge your authority because they like and trust you.
Aside from communicating a sense of fulfillment, a dog can also learn to smile from you, a phenomenon called laughter contagion. In most cases (whether or not you take notice), your canine pal will often reciprocate your own smile at the moment, grinning back at you to communicate the fact that they consider you a companion.
However, be careful: a showing of teeth could also be a sign of aggression, especially when paired with an erect body and growl. In order to save face (literally), be sure to study your dog’s body language before going in for that belly rub.
If you’re still wondering how to tell whether or not your pup is truly happy, key clues about their contentment will nearly always lie within their posture and body language. Normally, when a dog is happy, their posture remains relaxed—meaning their eyebrows don’t arch with anxiety and they blink often. Your canine friend might even trust you enough to expose their belly or lean into you when you pet them.
At the end of the day, it’s important to remember that a dog’s smile doesn’t usually mean that he or she is happy or content—it’s just an attempt to communicate that they approve and respect your authority over them. So, be happy—your dog understands more about your complex relationship than you ever imagined.
Training Dogs for Swimming Pool Safety
Is It Safe For Dogs To Swim in Chlorine Pools?
On a scorching day, a dip in a swimming pool can look extremely appealing to humans and animals alike, but is it safe to let you dog swim in a chlorine pool?
Although the chlorine levels in a normal swimming pool are safe for humans to swim in, and occasionally ingest, dogs may be more susceptible to effects of chlorine because their nose, eyes, and ears are more sensitive. Don't let your dog drink from the pool -- even though it may seem like a large water bowl to them -- so have fresh water available.
If your dog does go for a swim, make sure to spray them down after to wash off the chemicals from the pool and give their ears a gentle dab with a towel to dry the insides to avoid infections -- this is especially important for dogs with floppy ears.
Also, make swimming a pleasant experience for your dog by allowing them to take their time entering the water and praising them each step of the way. Never throw a dog into a pool. Toss a toy into the pool or escort your dog over the side to encourage them to enter the water. Many dogs are natural swimmers, so they do not need to be taught how to swim. However, dogs may panic when trying to exit the pool for the first time since they are not used to using ladders or steps made for humans, so help teach your dog how to use these ways to safely get out. Never leave your dog unsupervised in a pool, they may need assistance if they are in trouble and may not be able to bark to get attention.
By keeping your dog safe while swimming, you both can have as much fun as this water-loving pup:
It goes without saying that dogs should be supervised in the pool area at all times. But there’s always the possibility that they could get into the pool area undetected. Falling in the pool could be disaster for a dog who has not been taught how to get out.
Here are some pointers for making sure your dog can make a graceful and lifesaving exit.
- First, carry the dog into the pool, set him gently into the water, and help him swim to the steps. Then reward and repeat several times until he gets the idea. When he makes it to the steps easily, move to next exercise. Make sure to offer abundant rewards—praise or toys. You want the dog to view reaching the steps as a great cause for celebration.
- Turn away from the steps and bring the dog into the pool and guide him lightly around and to the steps. After one or two times most dogs will aim for the steps naturally. Some water-loving breeds may not want to get out, but all dogs need to know how to exit. So be persistent in getting them to reach the goal before you let them free to swim joyously!
- Teach the dog to reach the step from anywhere in the pool by putting him in the water at different points and guiding him to the exit. This is something dogs pick up quickly. The steps are the reward now! Knowing where the steps are eliminates a panic if the dog falls or is knocked into the pool while playing.
Of course, you should always supervise your dogs around water, but by following these easy exercises, you can make sure that your pool parties will be occasions for a lot of wagging, wet tails.
Water Intoxication: Too Much of a Good Thing
- Most dog owners are more concerned about a dehydrated pet than one that is hyper-hydrated. But the fact is some dogs can ingest dangerous amounts of water in a short period of time.
- Water intoxication, resulting in hyponatremia, is a relatively rare but potentially fatal condition that is most commonly seen in dogs that love to play in the water. Retrieving items thrown into the water and competing with other retrieving dogs is one way a pet can ingest a large quantity of water very quickly. Another way is “catching” pressurized water from a garden hose or sprinkler.
- Symptoms of water intoxication include loss of coordination, lethargy, bloating, vomiting, glazed eyes, excessive salivation, difficulty breathing, seizures, and coma.
- It’s important to monitor dogs that are very active in the water, and insist on regular rest breaks. Also take care not to allow your dog to ingest an excessive amount of water from a hose or sprinkler. Dogs that empty their water bowl after hard play or exercise should be rested for a bit before refilling the bowl.
- Hyponatremia is a potentially fatal condition, so if your dog has played in water and shows any symptoms of water intoxication, get him to your vet or an emergency animal hospital immediately.
Responsible dog owners understand the importance of making sure their canine companion always has fresh, clean water to drink. But what a surprising number of pet owners don’t realize is that it’s actually possible for a dog to ingest too muchwater.
Water intoxication, which results in life threatening hyponatremia (excessively low sodium levels), is a relatively rare but frequently fatal condition in dogs. At highest risk are dogs that enjoying playing in the water for long stretches. But believe it or not, even a lawn sprinkler or hose can pose a hazard for pets that love to snap at or “catch” spraying water.
What Happens When a Dog Ingests Too Much Water
Hyponatremia occurs when more water enters the body than it can process. The presence of so much water dilutes bodily fluids, creating a potentially dangerous shift in electrolyte balance. The excess water depletes sodium levels in extracellular fluid (fluid outside of cells). Sodium maintains blood pressure and nerve and muscle function.
When the sodium concentration in extracellular fluid drops, the cells start filling with water as the body attempts to balance the sodium levels inside the cells with falling levels outside the cells. This inflow of water causes the cells – including those in the brain – to swell. The central nervous system can also be affected.
Symptoms of water intoxication include staggering/loss of coordination, lethargy, nausea, bloating, vomiting, dilated pupils, glazed eyes, light gum color, and excessive salivation. In severe cases, there can also be difficulty breathing, collapse, loss of consciousness, seizures, coma, and death.
Dogs Most at Risk for Water Intoxication
Any dog can develop hyponatremia, however, the condition is most commonly seen in dogs who will stay in the lake, pond or pool all day if you let them; pets that lap or bite at the water continuously while playing in it; and dogs that swallow water unintentionally as they dive for a ball or other toy.
The condition has also been reported in dogs that over-hydrate during or after exercise, as well as those that enjoy playing with water from a garden hose or sprinklers.
Water intoxication can affect any size or breed of dog, but smaller dogs probably show symptoms more quickly because it takes less time for an excessive amount of water to build up in their bodies.
Water intoxication progresses quickly and can be life threatening, so if your pet has been playing in water and begins to exhibit any of the symptoms listed above, it’s crucial that you seek immediate veterinary care to save your dog’s life.
Treatment of hyponatremia in dogs typically includes IV delivery of electrolytes, diuretics, and drugs to reduce brain swelling. With aggressive veterinary care, some dogs are able to recover from water intoxication, but sadly, many are not.
Preventing Water Intoxication in Your Dog
If your dog loves the water, make sure you’re there to supervise his activity. If your pet is repetitively retrieving a ball or other toy from the water, insist on frequent rest breaks. Be especially vigilant on days when the water is rough.
Observe how your dog interacts with the water. If her mouth is open a lot – even if she’s holding a ball or stick in it -- understand that she’s likely ingesting a fair amount of water. The same can be true of dogs that dive to the bottom of a pool to retrieve items.
Familiarize yourself with the symptoms of water intoxication and monitor your dog’s appearance and behavior when she’s playing in water.
After a period of hard play or exercise, use caution when your dog rehydrates. If he immediately laps up the contents of his water bowl, rest him for a bit before you refill his bowl. If your dog is very active, it’s a good idea to have water with you when he exercises so that you can give him frequent short water breaks to keep him hydrated.
If your dog enjoys interacting with water from the hose or sprinkler, you should monitor that activity as well. Water from a hose or sprinkler is under pressure, and you’d be surprised how much a dog can ingest in a short amount of time.
A Word About Salt Water Toxicity
Excessive intake of salt water can result in hypernatremia, or salt poisoning, which is the opposite of hyponatremia. Initial signs of hypernatremia include vomiting and diarrhea, but the condition can quickly progress to neurologic symptoms like loss of coordination, seizures, progressive depression, and severe brain swelling.
Hypernatremia, like hyponatremia, is potentially life threatening, and immediate veterinary care is needed.
If you take your dog to the beach, bring along fresh drinking water and offer it to him at frequent intervals so he won’t be tempted to drink ocean water.
Please don't take your dog everywhere
Not all dogs are happy at public events.
Tips for a good outing
Pick and choose
Look for signs of stress
Plan in Advance
Make sure you know how to get to your 24/7 emergency veterinary clinic before there’s an emergency. Talk with your veterinarian in advance to find out where you would need to take your pet, and plan your travel route so you’re not trying to find your way when stressed. Always keep these numbers posted in an easy-to-find location in case of emergencies:
Your veterinarian’s clinic phone number
24/7 emergency veterinary clinic (if different)
ASPCA Poison Control Hotline: 1-888-426-4435 (A fee may apply.)
Keep people food away from pets. If you want to share treats with your pets, make or buy treats formulated just for them. The following people foods are especially hazardous for pets:
Chocolate is an essential part of the holidays for many people, but it is toxic to dogs and cats. Although the toxicity can vary based on the type of chocolate, the size of your pet, and the amount they ate, it’s safer to consider all chocolate off limits for pets.
Other sweets and baked goods also should be kept out of reach. Not only are they often too rich for pets; an artificial sweetener often found in baked goods, candy and chewing gum, xylitol, has been linked to liver failure and death in dogs.
Turkey and turkey skin – sometimes even in small amounts – can cause a life-threatening condition in pets known as pancreatitis.
Table scraps – including gravy and meat fat –also should be kept away from pets. Many foods that are healthy for people are poisonous to pets, including onions, raisins and grapes. During the holidays, when our own diets tend toward extra-rich foods, table scraps can be especially fattening and hard for animals to digest and can cause pancreatitis.
Yeast dough can cause problems for pets, including painful gas and potentially dangerous bloating.
Hosting Parties and Visitors
Visitors can upset pets, as can the noise and excitement of parties. Even pets that aren’t normally shy may become nervous in the hubbub that can accompany a party. The following tips will reduce emotional stress on your pet and protect your guests from possible injury.
All pets should have access to a comfortable, quiet place inside if they want to retreat. Make sure your pet has a room or crate somewhere away from the commotion, where your guests won’t follow, that it can go to anytime it wants to get away.
Inform your guests ahead of time that you have pets or if other guests may be bringing pets to your house. Guests with allergies or compromised immune systems (due to pregnancy, disease, or medications/ treatments that suppress the immune system) need to be aware of the pets (especially exotic pets) in your home so they can take any needed precautions to protect themselves.
Guests with pets? If guests ask to bring their own pets and you don’t know how the pets will get along, you should either politely decline their request or plan to spend some time acclimating the pets to each other, supervising their interactions, monitoring for signs of a problem, and taking action to avoid injuries to pets or people.
Pets that are nervous around visitors should be put it in another room or a crate with a favorite toy. If your pet is particularly upset by houseguests, talk to your veterinarian about possible solutions to this common problem.
Watch the exits. Even if your pets are comfortable around guests, make sure you watch them closely, especially when people are entering or leaving your home. While you’re welcoming hungry guests and collecting coats, a four-legged family member may make a break for it out the door and become lost.
Identification tags and microchips reunite families. Make sure your pet has proper identification with your current contact information – particularly a microchip with up-to-date, registered information. That way, if they do sneak out, they’re more likely to be returned to you. If your pet isn’t already microchipped, talk to your veterinarian about the benefits of this simple procedure.
Clear the food from your table, counters and serving areas when you are done using them – and make sure the trash gets put where your pet can’t reach it. A turkey or chicken carcass or other large quantities of meat sitting out on the carving table, or left in a trash container that is easily opened, could be deadly to your family pet. Dispose of carcasses and bones – and anything used to wrap or tie the meat, such as strings, bags and packaging – in a covered, tightly secured trash bag placed in a closed trash container outdoors (or behind a closed, locked door).
Trash also should be cleared away where pets can’t reach it .
Whether you take your pets with you or leave them behind, take these precautions to safeguard them whenever you’re traveling. Learn more about traveling with pets.
Interstate and international travel regulations require any pet you bring with you to have a health certificate from your veterinarian – even if you are traveling by car. Learn the requirements for any states you will visit or pass through, and schedule an appointment with your veterinarian to get the needed certificate within the timeframes required by those states. Even Santa's reindeer need to get health certificates for their annual flight around the world.
Pets in vehicles should always be safely restrained and should never be left alone in the car in any weather. Proper restraint means using a secure harness or a carrier, placed in a location clear of airbags. Never transport your pet in the bed of a truck.
If you’re traveling by air and considering bringing your pet with you, talk with your veterinarian first. Air travel can put some pets at risk, especially short-nosed dogs. Your veterinarian is the best person to advise you regarding your own pet’s ability to travel.
Pack for your pet as well as yourself if you’re going to travel together. In addition to your pet’s food and medications, this includes bringing copies of their medical records, information to help identify your pet if it becomes lost, first aid supplies, and other items. Refer to our Traveling with Your Pet FAQs for a more complete list.
Boarding your dog while you travel? Talk with your veterinarian to find out how best to protect your pet from canine flu and other contagious diseases, and to make sure your pet is up-to-date on vaccines.
Traveling with your Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are great travelers! They heartily resist being left behind, so why not take them with you? Whether you are just running up to the grocery store, or taking off for a family vacation, here are some ideas and tips for traveling with your Cavalier.
Tips for Car & Airline TravelTraveling with your Cavalier King Charles Spaniel can be fun and easy, but a few practical considerations apply, especially if your Cavalier is still a puppy.
The Cavalier like most dogs, love to ride in the car. But his first inclination was to stand in my lap as I was driving with his paws up on the window ledge so he could see the world go by.
Needless to say, that position was neither the most comfortable for me or the safest way for Bentley to enjoy a ride in the car.
The solution is to put a booster seat in the back . The model we chose was high enough to allow your cavaie to watch the world go by without standing up against the car window. Now, I can give my driving my full attention and I no longer worry about my cavie riding in the front seat where he/she could potentially be injured if the air bags deployed.
The seat belt fits into the slots in the booster seat to hold it securely in place. It also comes with a strap that can be attached to the seat belt to restrain your pet, if necessary. There's a handy drawer in the base of the booster seat - a great place to keep treats, a bottle of water, an extra leash, or other travel essentials.
Driver's Ed: Tips for Pet Travels:
Let new pets become accustomed to the car gradually. Start by putting your Cavalier Spaniel in the car with the motor off. Let him wander around and get familiar with all those "car smells." Next time, let your pet get used to being in the car with the motor running. Work up slowly to actually driving down with street with your Cavalier by your side.
Always keep your dog's collar and ID tags on him when riding in the car. Particularly until you've fully trained your Cavalier King Charles Spaniel on how to behave in the car, there's always a chance you might be separated in an unfamiliar neighborhood.
Pack a "Pet Emergency Travel Kit". Include a bottle of water,perhaps a water dish, some treats (in case your dog gets loose, you may need to lure him back to the car), and an extra leash.
Never leave your best friend in a parked car! Even with the windows slightly open, it's amazing how quickly a parked car can heat up to the point where it can be fatal to a small dog.
- On long trips, try not to feed your pet for several hours before traveling to avoid upset stomaches. Bring ice cubes to quench your pet's thirst. Consider adding sun shades to your car windows to keep your dog cool and comfortable while traveling. Bring a copy of your pet's Health Record in case you need to seek veterinary assistance out of town. Consider adding a temporary ID tag to your pet's collar with the phone number where you can be reached at your destination.
- AirTran Airways
- Airborne Animals
- America West
- American Airlines
- British Airways
- Continental Airlines
- Delta Airlines
- Midwest Airlines
- Northwest Airlines
- Pan Am Airways
- Southwest AIrlines
- Spirit Airlines
- Swiss International Air Lines
- United Airlines
- US Airways
- Virgin Atlantic Airlines
Here are also some general guidelines for air travel.
Your Cavalier King Charles Spaniel will need to be at least 8 weeks old and weaned before travelling by air.
A health certificate is generally required from a licensed veterinarian within 10 days of travel. So, if your vacation will last more than 10 days, you may need to arrange for another vet exam prior to your return.
Taking your Cavalier on board and stowing him under the seat in front of you in the main cabin is the only acceptable arrangement. We don'trecommend allowing your pet to be put in the plane's cargo hold as it has been reported that thousands of animals have been lost, injured or killed while being transported in the cargo holds of commercial airlines. So take whatever time and effort is necessary to ensure that your pet's crate or soft-sided carrier will meet the airlines requirements and will fit under the seat.
Request a middle seat for yourself as aisle and window seats have less room under the seats.
If at all possible, take a direct flight to your destination. This will minimize the time your pet is restrained in his crate or carrier and avoids possible trouble caused by missed connections.
Make sure your Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is wearing his ID tags. Consider adding a temporary tag to his collar with a phone number where you can be reached at your destination. Write your name, home address and phone number on his crate or carrier as well as your destination and how you can be contacted there. Carry a photograph of your pet in case your pet gets loose and becomes lost while traveling.
If possible, introduce your pet to air travel gradually. Start out by taking short, direct flights. If your Cavalier tolerates the experience well, then considering booking longer flights and eventually, connecting flights.
- Don't sedate your pet without the guidance of your veterinarian.
NUTRITION....CLICK ON PICS FOR LARGER IMAGE
5 Common Dog Illnesses That Are Impacted by Nutrition
When it comes to diet for our dogs, there are countless options available. Canned foods, kibbles, raw foods, dehydrated foods—the possibilities and brands offered are essentially endless. Owners shouldn’t focus on brands or types, but on quality of nutrition in the foods available. This is because proper nutrition is one of the most important aspects of life, including the lives of our dogs. Adequate food and nutrition help keep you dog active and happy while preventing many ailments associated with a poor diet. In fact, some of the most common problems veterinarians see today are related to a lack of quality nutrition. Remember that what works for one dog may not work for the next, so do your own research (start with speaking with your breeder and veterinarian) and do not base your choice on what everyone else is feeding.
If your dog suffers from any of these conditions, you might want to start looking at his diet.
- Obesity - Obesity is a growing problem in dogs around the world. Looking at the calorie content of your dog’s food will help you determine
if your dog is eating too much. Many owners find that following the recommended serving sizes on their food’s packaging often leads to a very overweight dog.
Consider how active your
dog is and what type of ingredients are making up the calories in his food. Working and active dogs are going to need a lot more calories than your average pet. Many ingredients, such
as corn and soy, are often packed with calories, but offer little to no nutrition—therefore making it necessary for your dog to consume more food in order to get enough vitamins and minerals. This
leads to an increase of calories, which leads to obesity.
- Poor Skin and Coat Condition - The skin is the largest organ of the body for all animals and is affected by nutrition. A diet that is
lacking essential fatty acids is going to quickly be reflected in your dog’s skin and coat condition. Dull, brittle coats and dry, flaky skin may be signs that your dog isn’t getting enough
nutrients. Other causes are allergies and endocrine, such as thyroid. The omega-3 fatty acids that your dog is most commonly deficient in are those found in fish and flaxseed oils. Fortunately,
adding these essential fatty acids is becoming a popular trend in foods, so a deficiency is becoming less common. Still, if your dog is showing poor skin and coat
condition, you might want to look at the food he's eating and consult with your veterinarian.
- Reduced Immunity - A lack of proper nutrition means your dog’s body isn’t getting what it needs to function at the highest level. One of
the first things to begin suffering is the immune system. You might see this appear as wounds that don’t heal, infections that take longer to clear up, or even allergies. While your dog may be
allergic to some of the ingredients in his food, it’s also likely that he will become sensitive to environmental
allergies. The immune system will struggle to control a yeast or fungal infection on its own, leading to an increase in hot spots and ear infections.
Some owners have claimed that a change in diet has alleviated environmental allergies in their dogs by strengthening the immune system.
- Pancreatitis - Pancreatitis is a very serious condition that may be related to a poor diet. This inflammation of the pancreas leads to the
leakage of digestive enzymes, causing the pancreas to begin digesting itself. There are acute and chronic forms, both related to poor diet, and both are life-threatening conditions. Dietary fat is
known to be associated with pancreatitis in
dogs, and that’s why we often see the acute condition after a dog gets table scraps of bacon or other high-fat foods. A diet high in unnecessary fats from grains is also thought to
contribute to chronic pancreatitis. Veterinarians have found that the more processed the foods, the higher the potential risk of pancreatitis in dogs.
- Diabetes - Just like in people, diabetes in dogs is often associated with a poor diet. Diabetes mellitus is the type most often seen in dogs and is often a genetic condition. It may also be a secondary condition related to improper nutrition. Diabetes has many causes, but is often triggered by obesity and chronic pancreatitis—both related to the quality of diet consumed by the dog. Although diabetes cannot be cured, it can be controlled with insulin injections and a strict diet. Avoiding foods that contain complex carbohydrates, such as corn, soy, rice, breads, and other grains, will help reduce the risk for diabetes and help manage it should your dog be diagnosed.
Is your Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Overweight?
Weigh your pet regularly. The easiest technique for weighing your dog at home is to step on your scale alone first. Then, holding your dog in your arms, step on the scale for a second time. The difference in the two measurements is the weight of your dog.
Adult Cavalier Spaniels generally weigh 13 to 20 lbs, but keep in mind every dog is different. How can you judge whether your Cavalier Spaniel is at a healthy weight? Take a good look at your dog (from above, i.e. an "aerial view") and follow these guidelines:
|Thin||If your dog’s ribs are noticeable to the eye and too easily felt, and if his waist below the ribs is pronounced, then your pet is too thin.|
|Ideal Weight||You won’t generally see your dog’s ribs if he is at his ideal weight, although you should easily feel them through only a slight layer of fat over your dog’s ribs. Your dog should have only minimal abdominal fat and his waist should be noticeable. When looking at your pet from above, he’ll have a pleasing hour glass shape.|
|Overweight||If your pet is overweight, you won’t be able to see your pet’s ribs or easily feel them because of the moderate layer of fat over his ribs. His waist will not be particularly noticeable due to more than necessary abdominal fat.|
|Obese||In an obese dog, you won’t be able to see or feel his ribs at all. Abdominal fat will be heavy and your dog won’t appear to have a waist as his abdomen will be distended.|
The best medicine is always prevention. Your goal should be to keep your dog from becoming overweight in the first place.
Whenever you notice your pet starting to look a little “chunky”, it’s time to adjust his eating routine.
- Take your dog for a few extra walks everyday.
- Cut back on the number of treats you give him or substitute lower-calorie alternatives.
- Switch your Cavalier to a dog food especially formulated for overweight dogs.
- Take him to see your Vet to rule out the chance that a medical condition may be responsible for your dog’s obesity.
While you can use the food guidelines provided by the pet food manufacturer as a starting point, you need to customize the amount of food to your dog's situation. Remember, the pet food manufacturer doesn’t have any idea how active your dog is, or how many treats you give him during the day.
Be patient. Finding the right quantity of pet food and treats for your dog requires a little trial and error on your part to find the right combination for your favorite Cavalier Spaniel.
Types Of Allergic Reactions In Dogs
What does “allergy” mean to you? Does it mean a life-threatening reaction to a bee sting? Does it suggest an itchy dog? Hives? All of these are examples of the many different types of allergic reactions. Learn how to manage each one.
Anaphylactic Reactions in Dogs
Have you ever heard of a person dying after eating one shrimp because he was deathly allergic to seafood? Or someone having to inject himself after being stung by a bee? These are anaphylactic reactions, the scariest and most lethal allergic reactions we see.
In dogs, we see major reactions like this if they are bitten by an insect (bee or wasp) or if they have an injection of medication (like a
vaccine) they’re allergic to. Antibodies produced by the host react to the substance, dropping blood pressure and sending the body into shock. If a dog has had
a past incident and survived, the owner may carry an epipen, but sometimes the first occurrence can lead to death. Fortunately these reactions are very rare in dogs.
Facial Swelling and Hives in Dogs
If a dog has swelling of the face, what vets call angioneurotic edema, this is actually a good sign. I say this because the dog has likely passed the time for a fatal reaction to occur, and his life is rarely in danger. The swelling occurs 30 minutes to a few hours after the exposure. A veterinarian will often give dogs with this reaction an antihistamine injection. Untreated, it may take a day or two for the swelling to subside.
A different reaction we see 6 to 24 hours after exposure to the antigen is hives. Also called urticaria, this reaction consists of very itchy swellings in the skin. These are easy to spot in short-coated dogs, but with dogs with long hair, you may be more likely to feel them rather than see them. An antihistamine is again in order to treat the reaction.
Skin Allergies In Dogs
Dermatitis from fleas is the easiest to treat. In these cases, the dog reacts to saliva injected into the skin as the flea feeds. It’s like having mosquito bites all over you. The key with this type of allergy is that the itch is more intense over the tail head. You usually see fleas, or you may find flea dirt, which looks like black pepper on the skin surface.
We treat these cases by applying a product that kills fleas before they bite. I’ve seen dogs that have had horrible red skin covered in scabs, and a week after a flea medication is applied, they are healing beautifully.
In an atopic allergy, the dog reacts to airborne allergens such as pollen, molds, fungus, and house dust. These are often seasonal, meaning that the dog itches only at certain times of the year. The itch can be anywhere on the body, but it is common for affected dogs to scratch their ears or lick their paws.
Food allergies are reactions to foods, specifically ingredients in the food like corn or chicken. The symptoms are the same as atopic allergies.
There are several possibilities why food allergies develop. Some dogs have a genetic predisposition to developing allergies. The same holds true for atopic allergies. The other contributing factor to food allergies is constant exposure to the same ingredients. For example, if you have continually fed a lamb and rice diet, the prolonged exposure to those ingredients can cause intestinal inflammation and what we call “leaky gut syndrome,” in which the antigen is absorbed through the permeable gut lining. The reaction manifests in the skin, creating the itch. Rotating foods can help prevent allergy development. Common foods to trigger skin allergies including grains (e.g., corn, wheat, rice, barley, oats) and chicken.
To determine which food is causing an allergic reaction, we begin with an elimination trial. We take every food ingredient the dog is currently eating out of the diet and offer a food containing ingredients the dog has never had. So, if you were feeding a lamb and rice diet, a logical choice could be salmon and potato. Of course, all treats and snacks are avoided because they can be creating the reaction as well. We feed the new diet exclusively for at least six weeks before we determine if it is working.
Another thing we can do for dogs with atopic or food allergies is to add an omega-3 fatty acid source to reduce the skin inflammation. Salmon oil, slowly introduced to achieve a dose of 1,000 mg for each 10 pounds body weight is the standard. In severe cases, medication can be added, and your veterinarian is the best source for advice on this.
As you can see, allergies show up in different ways. Some are life-threatening and can cause death in minutes. Others, although less serious, are a source of considerable frustration. Each is treated differently—speak to your veterinarian about the best medical solution.
KATIE AND JOHN HENRY ARE PROUD AND EXCITED TO ANNOUNCE THEIR LITTLE SON ZEUS HAS SIGNED WITH THE ORLANDO MAGIC !!! ZEUS'S FOREVER HOME WILL BE WITH VICTOR O. 5/15/15
APOLLO WAS ADDED TO THE TEAM OF ZEUS AND VICTOR . APOLLO'S PARENTS CONSUELA AND GEORGE ARE VERY PROUD! 3/09/16
VICTOR IS NOW WITH THE INDIANA PACERS
FANTOM VAL'S BLACK JACK ~ JJ BORN 3/02/2012
JJ WILL BE LIVING WITH MY FRIEND & MENTOR HOLLY IN THE BEAUTIFUL STATE OF GEORGIA!!! ALL OF US HERE AT CAVALIERS-BY-VAL WISH THE VERY BEST FOR HIM AS HE ENBARKS ON HIS NEW ADVENTURES !!!
AS OF 08/17/14, JJ HAS NOW FATHERED THREE BEAUTIFUL LITTERS, AND HAS BEEN SHOWN IN ATLANTA. THE FIRST TIME OUT JJ WAS AWARDED AN INTERNATIONAL GRAND CHAMPION TITLE TO ADD TO HIS ACCOMPLISHMENTS. HURRAY FOR JJ!!!!
ELLIE & BURKE ARE PARENTS OF JJ
2/5/18...YIPPY SKIPPY! JJ CAME HOME TODAY! HE IS A INTERNATIONAL CHAMPION. HE IS ALSO OFA CARDIAC,PATELLA CERTIFIED, CHIC CERTIFIED AND CERF EYE CERTIFIED.
JEFFERSON ~ BORN 2/20/2013
JEFFERSON FOUND HIS FOREVER HOME WITH KAREN AND MARK OF NAPLES, FLORIDA ON 5/24/13. WE HERE AT CAVALIERS-BY-VAL ARE VERY PROUD OF JEFFERSON HE IS A THERAPY DOG !!!
JOHN HENRY & RUBY TUESDAY ARE PROUD PARENTS OF JEFFERSON !!!
THE CAVALIER COMES IN FOUR GORGEOUS COLORS
Blenheim (pronounced "Blen-um"), Tri Color, Black & Tan, and Ruby. Blenheim and Tri Colors are known as the parti colors. While Black and Tan and Ruby’s are known as whole colors. Blenheim is the most popular and common color with Tri’s being second in popularity. Whole colors which are the Black and Tan and Ruby are not as common and can be harder to find. All four colors carry the same sweet loving Cavalier disposition that is so admired in the breed. Which is your favorite color? It can be very hard to choose as each is so beautiful.
Nicknames Cav, Cavalier, Cavie
Country of origin United Kingdom
Weight Male 13–18 lb (5.9–8.2 kg) Female 13–18 lb (5.9–8.2 kg)
Height Male 12–13 inches (30–33 cm) Female 12–13 inches (30–33 cm)
FANTOM VAL'S GENTLEMAN JETHRO
Rich chestnut markings, well broken up on a pearly white ground. Ears are covered in red chestnut which also surrounds both eyes. The color is evenly spaced on the head with a white blaze in-between their eyes. Some Blenheim’s also have the desirable lozenge, “queen’s kiss” or Blenheim spot on the top of their head. Blenheim coloring will richen with age. Some beauty marks/freckles may develop within the first year as well.
- A Blenheim bred to a Blenheim you will always only receive Blenheim puppies. The genetic make-up of a Blenheim is ee:ss. Blenheim is the easiest color genetic make-up.
- Blenheim bred to a Tri Color can produce either Blenheim or Tri Color puppies.
- Blenheim bred to Black and Tan can produce all four colors with some white mismarking’s possible on the whole color puppies. While this would not be ideal for show standards it can be adorable on pet puppies. White mis-markings are normally found on the chest, center of face and paws and may diminish with age.
- Blenheim bred to a Ruby either Ruby or Blenheim colored puppies are possible and some white mismarking on the Ruby colored puppies is possible.
Tri- Color Cavalier
FANTOM VAL'S TRUBORN GENTLEMAN
Jet black markings broken up on a pearly white background, with rich tan markings over the eyes, on the cheeks, under side of ears and underside of tail. The ears are black and black also covers both eyes. Color is evenly spaced on the head with a white blaze between the eyes. Of the four colors the Tri color markings will change the most. The black will always grow in on the white. The Tri's white blaze must be very broad at birth if you want your puppy to have a blaze as an adult. As the blaze fills in many Tri's lose their blaze entirely by their first birthday. The wider the blaze at birth the wider as an adult. Some beauty marks/freckles may develop within the first year as well.
- When you breed Tri Color to a Blenheim you can receive both Tri Color or Blenheim.
- Tri Color to Tri Color you will most likely receive all Tri Color unless both parents are Ee:ss, and in this case you can receive both Blenheim or Tri Color
- Tri bred to a whole color can produce all four colors with the possibility of white missmarking’s.
Black and Tan Cavalier
FANTOM FORTRESS CHARMER
Jet black with rich tan markings over the eyes, on cheeks, inside ears, on chest, legs, and underside of tail. The genetic combinations for Black and Tan's are very complicated.
- When bred to a Blenheim or Tri they can produce all 4 colors.
- Black and Tan to another Black and Tan all Black and Tan's
- Black and Tan to Ruby and only Black and Tan's and Rubies can be born.
Mismarking’s do diminish with maturity. How much white will remain in adulthood depends on how much was there at birth. Small amounts of white on the chest will most likely disappear with age while a large amount some will remain. White on the feet tends to stay.
FANTOM VAL'S SIRE JOHN HENRY
The Ruby is a solid whole-colored rich red with No white.
- A Ruby to Ruby breeding all Ruby puppies
- Ruby to Black and Tan both whole colors
- Ruby bred to a Tri Color can yield all four colors. With possible white mismarking on Ruby and Black and Tan puppies.
- Ruby bred to a Blenheim can yield both Ruby and Blenheim colored puppies with possible white mismarking on Ruby puppies. Breeding a Rudy to a Blenheim can also greatly increase the richness of the Blenheim puppies coloring.
THE OFA IS A NOT-FOR-PROFIT FOUNDATION WITH THE MISSION TO PROMOTE THE HEALTH AND WELFARE OF COMPANION ANIMALS THROUGH A REDUCTION IN THE INCIDENCE OF GENETIC DISEASE. THE OFA CURRENTLY MAINTAINS THE WORLD'S LARGEST ONLINE, PUBLICLY AVAILABLE DATABASE OF CANINE HEALTH SCREENING RESULTS.
OFA EYE CERTIFICATION REGISTRY EXAMS ARE OPHTHALMIC EXAMINATIONS, PERFORMED BY AMERICAN COLLEGE OF VETERINARY OPHTHALMOLOGISTS (ACVO) DIPLOMATES, TO ASSESS DOGS FOR THE PRESENCE OR ABSENCE OF OBSERVABLE HEREDITARY EYE DISEASE. DOGS WITH NORMAL EXAM RESULTS WILL RECEIVE OFA EYE CERTIFICATION NUMBERS VALID FOR ONE YEAR. EYE CERTIFICATIONS ARE AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE ROUTINE HEALTH SCREENING PRACTICED BY RESPONSIBLE DOG BREEDERS TO PRODUCE HEALTH PUPPIES. THE OFA'S ECR HAS THE FULL SUPPORT OF THE ACVO.
THE CANINE HEALTH INFORMATION CENTER, ALSO KNOWN AS CHIC, IS A CENTRALIZED CANINE HEALTH DATA BASE JOINTLY SPONSORED BY THE AKC/CAININE HEALTH FOUNDATION (AKC/CHF) AND THE ORTHOPEDIC FOUNDATION FOR ANIMALS (OFA).
WESTMINSTER 2013 NEWS
CH. B&B'S SIR TOBIAS BRAGG TOBY ~ OWNED BY HOLLY, MY MENTOR AND FRIEND
FANTOM VAL'S GORGEOUS GEORGE ~ SON OF ELLIE & JOHN HENRY, GRANDSON OF TOBIAS
TERESA BENJAMIN ~ FINE ART ~
CALL OR EMAIL TODAY FOR MORE INFORMATION ~ GREAT OPPORTUNITY FOR A BEAUTIFUL OIL PORTRAIT OF YOUR PET !!!
PET PORTRAIT COMMISSIONS ~
Please contact me if you would like to discuss commissioning me to do an oil portrait of your pet painted in the style of Bogie, my King Charles Cavalier
RUBY TUESDAY & JOHN HENRY'S ~ HENRY ~ BORN 2/20/2013 FOUND HIS FOREVER HOME WITH TERESA 4/27/2013 !!!
RECOMMENDED BOOKS :
THE CAVALIER KING CHARLES SPANIEL IN FACT AND FANCY BY BARBARA GARNETT-WILSON
THE CAVALIER KING CHARLES SPANIEL: AN OWNER'S GUIDE TO A HAPPY HEALTHY PET/ NORMA MOFFAT
PAWS FOR THOUGHT, PAWS FOR PASTA, PAWS FOREVER/ MAUREEN MELVIN AND ILLUSTRATED BY GEOFF CROOK
DOG OWNER'S HOME VETERINARY HANDBOOK BY DELBERT G. CARLSON, D.V.M. AND JAMES M. GIFFIN, M.D.
The Cavalier King Chalres Spaniel is an elegant, energetic toy breed that is compatible for city or country life. Successful in conformation shows, obedience and agility, they also make wonderful therapy dogs due to their sweet, gentle natures. The Cavalier has even been in the White House, President and Mrs. Reagan owned a Blenheim Cavalier. Other noteables who have Cavaliers in their lives are Diane Sawyer, Sylvester Stallone and Frank Sinatra, ole' blue eyes himself. Their silky coats come in four colors. Blenheim (chestnut and white), Tricolor (black, white and tan), Ruby (solid red) and Black and Tan. No one color is better than or valued more than another---it is simply a matter of preference. Average size: 12 to 13 inches tall at the shoulder and between 13 and 18 pounds. Average life span is about 10 - 12 years. Environment for the Cavalier: Apartment and/or large estate. The Cavalier is somewhat active indoors. Be careful of hot or cold climates. Exercise: The Cavalier is adaptable in their need for exercise, happy with either sleeping on the couch or taking long walks. Temperament of the Cavalier: Friendly and easy to train, the Cavalier is a trustworthy companion.