GROOMING A CAVALIER KING CHARLES SPANIEL
What kind of grooming do Cavaliers require?
The Cavalier does
require regular grooming. A great deal of time and effort is not necessary if the dog is brushed and combed thoroughly at least once a week. Knots and tangles are kept to a minimum if the Cavalier is
free of parasites and combed regularly. Ears need particular attention and should be checked and given a quick combing every few days, daily in shedding season.
Cavaliers do shed, particularly in spring and fall, but a little all the time. Their nails should be clipped and the hair between their pads trimmed once a month. No other trimming is necessary.
Cavaliers are naturally clean dogs. Because too much bathing dries out the skin and haircoat, they should not be bathed more than once a week. All knots and tangles should be brushed out before a Cavalier is bathed. Many owners find that bathing their pets every two months is quite adequate.
TRIMMING THE FEET
How to Trim Your Puppy's Nails
Caring for Your Puppy's Teeth
Taking care of your puppy's teeth is a lot like taking care of your own.
Start your puppy off right with a good dog dental health routine, and it'll be easier to help him maintain a healthy mouth throughout his life.
By age three, about eight out of ten dogs will show signs of dental disease, according to statistics. What’s more, dental disease can impact your pet’s overall health.
Preventive care can be a fraction of the cost of dental disease treatment.
Dog Dental Care Tips
Good preventive care begins with attention to these basics:
- Oral Care Food: Feeding your puppy a firm, kibbled, premium pet food daily is an easy way to help slow down plaque formation through a mechanical, abrasive action. Certain premium foods have been specially designed to help keep teeth clean.
- Dental Treats & Chews: These daily, tasty treats work between the tooth and gum line to reduce plaque and freshen breath. Chews and chew toys are another fun and easy way to prevent tartar because they encourage chewing and aid puppy teething.
- Brushing Your Pet’s Teeth: One of the best ways to prevent tartar is to brush your puppy's teeth weekly. Before you introduce a toothbrush, approach your pet when he’s calm and relaxed. Massage gums and teeth with fingers to get him used to handling of the mouth. Your veterinarian can give you additional tips for brushing techniques.
- Exams & Cleanings: Your puppy needs annual dental exams and professional cleanings just like you do. The frequency of cleanings depends on each dog's individual needs, so be sure to consult your veterinarian at least once every six months. But if you notice bad breath or other signs of dental disease, call for an appointment with your veterinarian immediately.
Your Puppy's Teeth
Puppies lose baby teeth just like people do. Puppies have 28 temporary teeth that erupt at three to four weeks of age. They lose these puppy teeth at about four months when their 42 permanent teeth begin to emerge.
Your Guide To Brushing Puppy Teeth
Brushing your puppy's teeth is a quick and easy way to keep his teeth and gums healthy and strong
Once Fido has all his deciduous teeth (aka 'milk teeth' or 'baby teeth') in place at around 8 weeks of age, it's a good idea to start getting into a routine of brushing his teeth regularly.
His tiny teeth are clean and white right now, and he won't be keeping them for more than a few months, but soon his 'big' adult teeth will start to come in and he'll be hanging onto those for the rest of his life!
Getting your pup comfortable with having his teeth brushed now is important, and good dog dental hygiene is an important part of his health care...... and your responsibility as a caring puppy parent.
It might surprise you to know that plaque can turn into tartar within about 36 hours... so regular brushing IS important as your pup grows up.
You really want to aim for a daily brushing if at all possible.
It only takes a few minutes to do (once you both get the hang of it), but those few minutes could prevent a lot of problems from rearing their heads down the road.
If you have an older pup, or adult dog, check out this page to learn how to brush his teeth properly, why professional dental cleanings are vital, and to see some of the best (and most popular) dog dental care products on the market
How To Brush Your Dogs' Teeth
Whenever possible, daily brushing is best for your dogs' teeth.
This is because it takes only about 36 hours for plaque to harden and become tartar.
Once tartar builds up, simple brushing won't remove it, so aim for a daily tooth-brushing session.
If that's not possible, then brush Fido's teeth every other day, or three times a week.
It's going to be a LOT better than not brushing
them at all!
- Choose your dog teeth cleaning utensil.... you can choose from bristled tooth-brushes designed especially for dogs,
rubber/plastic finger-brushes or dental sponges. Even a clean wash-cloth can work although it's not as abrasive, and therefore not as effective.
- Toothpaste is next. Please ONLY buy toothpaste that is formulated for dogs. It's available in flavors that
appeal to Fido, and doesn't contain ingredients which could upset his stomach (foaming agents in human toothpaste can make dogs sick). As your dog can't 'rinse and spit' you can expect him to
be swallowing his toothpaste!
- Toothpaste alternatives for dogs. Coconut oil is a good natural alternative to toothpaste for brushing Fido's
teeth. It also has antibacterial properties which help to reduce bacteria in your dog's mouth. Dogs usually have not problems accepting this in their mouths. A paste made from baking soda and water
is another option, but some dogs don't like the taste, so if your pooch hates it try coconut oil or doggie toothpaste instead.
- Now, wet the brush/sponge/finger-brush and put the toothpaste onto it, and get your dog sitting comfortably in front of
you. It can really help to have a second person with you, one to hold your dog while you brush his teeth.
- If you've never brushed your dogs' teeth before, go slowly as he'll probably be anxious, or at the very least
curious, about what you're doing. Don't expect him to cooperate right off the bat.
- Gently lift his top lip and brush the outside of his front teeth, then repeat with the bottom ones. Then move
around slowly and brush the outer surface of his side teeth, top and bottom. For the first few sessions, this should be enough - he needs time to get used to this strange intrusion into his
- Use a circular motion as you brush and be gentle but firm with the pressure. Brush/rub the whole surface of the
tooth and also focus on the gum-line where debris tends to collect.
- Pay special attention to the upper canines (the 'fangs') and the big double teeth that are closest to the front of his
mouth ie. the first double teeth you get to moving from the front of his mouth backwards. These ones tend to collect the most plaque.
- After a week or two you can add gently opening his mouth and brushing the inner (and top) surfaces of his teethas
well (unless your dog is absolutely fine with the procedure, in which case you can add this second step to your routine right
- Keep your dog teeth brushing sessions as short as you can, without skimping on the
cleaning. It may take up to 5 minutes to begin with, but once you both get used to the routine you can probably do it in 2 or 3 minutes.
- Finally, round off every dog teeth cleaning session with a tasty (and dental-friendly) treat. You want your dog to enjoy having his teeth brushed, and surprisingly many dogs do - once they get used to it.
These few minutes can make a world of difference to your dogs' dental, and general, health... keeps his breath fresher too and that's always good!
I'd always recommend getting your pet enrolled in a good pet health insurance plan as early as possible.
It can literally be a life-saver if your pet needs surgery, get seriously ill, develops a chronic condition or needs something like extensive dental work.
See website page "Trupanion Pet Insurance" for more information.